What Are The Steps In Summarizing A Text?

What are the qualities of summary?

QUALITIES OF A SUMMARY A good summary should be comprehensive, concise, coherent, and independent.

These qualities are explained below: A summary must be comprehensive: You should isolate all the important points in the original passage and note them down in a list..

How do you write a summary report?

5 Tips for Writing a Summary ReportOutline the report before the meeting or phone call begins. You can put the names of the speakers (les intervenants), the date, the questions if it is an interview, or the themes of the discussion. … Include only the key points from the event. … Be concise. … Use bullet-points to facilitate clarity. … Re-read your report!

What are the types of summary?

Summaries present text information in an abridged form. They can be placed in one of two categories: Informative summaries – objective reports on the text’s content. Descriptive summaries – objective reports about the text.

What are three characteristics of a good summary?

A good summary has three basic characteristics: conciseness, accuracy, and objectivity. Conciseness: unlike paraphrase, summary condenses information. The degree of density can vary: while you can summarize a two-hundred page book in fifty words, you can also summarize a twenty-five-page article in five hundred words.

How long is a summary?

A summary is always shorter than the original text, often about 1/3 as long as the original. It is the ultimate “fat-free” writing. An article or paper may be summarized in a few sentences or a couple of paragraphs. A book may be summarized in an article or a short paper.

How do you start a summary example?

Start your summary with a clear identification of the type of work, title, author, and main point in the present tense. Example: In the feature article “Four Kinds of Reading,” the author, Donald Hall, explains his opinion about different types of reading. 2.

How many paragraphs is a summary?

The conclusion of an essay usually consists of one paragraph, but you may choose to write a longer summary . As any essay paragraph the summary should include a topic sentence and supporting sentences.

What is in a good summary?

A summary begins with an introductory sentence that states the text’s title, author and main point of the text as you see it. A summary is written in your own words. A summary contains only the ideas of the original text. Do not insert any of your own opinions, interpretations, deductions or comments into a summary.

What is an effective summary?

Characteristics of an Effective Summary: ✓ Focuses on main ideas, rather than minor points. ✓ Is shorter than the original document. ✓ Is written in YOUR OWN WORDS. ✓ Does NOT include quotations.

How do you write a short summary of a book?

StepsAnnotate the text as you read. … Write notes while you’re reading. … Keep a running list of the main characters. … Break the book down into sections. … Identify the main point of each section. … Determine the book’s one key idea.

Is reading a passage and putting it into your own words?

Paraphrasing – Paraphrasing is reading something and wording it differently, so you don’t plagiarize. Plagiarizing is when you take someone else’s work and label it as yours. It’s an actual and serious crime that can get you into some trouble if you aren’t careful.

How do you summarize a text?

When summarising a text:look for the key information.look at each paragraph, locate the topic sentence (often the first one) and decide what the main point is.list the key points.only include the main ideas of the text.

What should a summary not include?

A summary should not include your opinions about the subject matter or the author’s argumentative strategy. Even if you disagree with the text’s content, you must relay only its factual elements. DOs and DON’Ts for writing summaries: Do point out the author’s purpose for writing (Ex: to inform, to persuade).

What is a summarizing sentence?

A summary is a short retelling of a longer written passage, containing the author’s most important ideas. … To summarize, you must read a passage closely, finding the main ideas and supporting ideas. Then you must briefly write down those ideas in a few sentences or a paragraph.

What is summarizing in communication?

Summarising is a very important skill for effective communication and is usually followed by paraphrasing. A summary is a concise overview of the most important points from a communication. It could be from a conversation, document or presentation. … This skill too can be acquired.

What summarize main points?

A main point summary reads much like an article abstract, giving the most important “facts” of the text. It should identify the title, author, and main point or argument. When relevant, it can also include the text’s source (book, essay, periodical, journal, etc.).

What are the 8 steps to writing a summary?

How to write a summary in 8 easy steps Divide… and conquer. … Read. Now that you’ve prepared, go ahead and read the selection. … Reread. Rereading should be active reading. … One sentence at a time. You should now have a firm grasp on the text you will be summarizing. … Write a thesis statement. … Ready to write. … Check for accuracy. … Revise.

What are the five steps in writing a good summary?

Answerread the article to be summarized and be sure its understandable.note major points.write a first draft of the summary without looking at the article.make sure what you wrote is important and not copied.target your draft of being like 1 forth of the original.

What is summarizing and examples?

Summarizing is defined as taking a lot of information and creating a condensed version that covers the main points. An example of summarizing is writing a three or four-sentence description that touches upon the main points of a long book.

What are the six things a summary must include?

A good summary should give an objective outline of the whole piece of writing. It should answer basic questions about the original text such as “Who did what, where, and when?”, or “What is the main idea of the text?”, “What are the main supporting points?”, “What are the major pieces of evidence?”.

Why summarizing a text is important?

Summarizing teaches students how to discern the most important ideas in a text, how to ignore irrelevant information, and how to integrate the central ideas in a meaningful way. Teaching students to summarize improves their memory for what is read. Summarization strategies can be used in almost every content area.

What is the first step for summarizing a piece of nonfiction?

In summarizing nonfiction texts, introduce these steps: Skim the text to get a general idea of the topic. Delete unnecessary or redundant material. Find the main ideas in the text.

What is the first step in summarizing?

Identifying key concepts, vocabulary, and phrases is helpful in understanding the main ideas. The first step in summarizing a passage is to identify the main points of the text.

What are the do’s and don’ts of summary writing?

THE DOs AND DON’Ts OF SUMMARY WRITINGDO sum it up: It is a summary after all, not an essay on yourself. … DON’T sell yourself short: Perhaps while trying to follow rule 1., you decided to omit useful selling points and ended up selling yourself short. … DO add creativity to your work: Don’t sound like a stiff robot.More items…•

What is the best strategy in summarizing a text?

Sentence-Phrase-Word is an excellent summarizing strategy to use with a small group of students as they work together to capture the crux of a shared text. It is a great strategy to use with a group because it encourages students to talk with each other as they develop a collective understanding of a text.

What is the difference between paraphrasing and Summarising?

Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. … Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.

What are the steps in summarizing?

SummarisingRead and understand the text carefully.Think about the purpose of the text. Ask what the author’s purpose is in writing the text? … Select the relevant information. … Find the main ideas – what is important. … Change the structure of the text. … Rewrite the main ideas in complete sentences. … Check your work.

What do you write in a summary?

To write an effective summary, you have to ensure the following:To write a good summary, you should first read the text several times and decide what the main idea is. … Begin the summary by acknowledging the source. … Next, write a topic sentence that conveys the main idea of the text.

What is meant by summarizing?

to express the most important facts or ideas about something or someone in a short and clear form: I’ll just summarize the main points of the argument in a few words. To summarize, we believe the company cannot continue in its present form.